By Joshera Rudertsitdestiny 2's
While the subject of rape is undeniably controversial, two general issues in particular have dominated discourse on the topic: justification and prevention. Although a common claim is that identifying the cause of rape will prevent it from happening, Brian Martin argued that, because focusing on this question was generally not fruitful, providing people with the skills and information they need to better protect themselves against rape (including the function of drugs and alcohol) would be more effective. The first popular philosophy text to examine the issue of rape from a standpoint of ethics was Martin's "Ethics: A Text with Readings", which helped to popularize utilitarianism. Since then, there have been a number of different forms of ethical and social philosophies that have looked at it. There are also philosophical questions regarding rape that deal with the event itself, and inescapable moral aspects that cannot be escaped, as Camille Paglia put it: "For Paglia, who acknowledges that rape is a sexual crime, but insists that it is first and foremost and act of violence not lust, blaming the victim is impossible." Challenges of understanding the true and ultimate purpose and meaning behind such events and social movements tend to manifest as a form of philosophical inquiry. The philosophical discourse over rape varies widely. Such ideas often relate to an investigation of the human being, free will, and gender relations, as well as to a social ontology, including how others are perceived by an observer and with respect to the function of sexuality. Some have taken a stand primarily on the fact that there is a legal level of discourse on the subject of rape. Philosophical views on the topic of rape at times deal with broad questions about the essence of free will and determinism, especially if and how free will escapes this paradigm.